Cryptomonas erosa (Ehrenberg, 1831)
Most likely ID: n.a.
Phylogenetic tree: Cryptomonas erosa
- cells oval or slightly elliptical, laterally flattened
- posteriorly mostly weakly tapered
- dorsal side significantly convex, ventral side slightly convex or almost flat
- length 13–45 µm, width 6–26 µm
- two chromatophores coloured greenish, yellow or brown
- numerous polygonal or oval starch granules
- two Maupas bodies in anterior third
- gullet reach maximum mid-body, covered with ejectisomes
- pyrenoids are absent
- two flagella of equal length
Cryptomonas erosa one of the most common representatives of this genus in my sampling sites. The identification of the cryptomonads is not easy, because the form and size of the species is often very variable. I recognize Cryptomonas erosa by the “asymmetrical” shape, because the dorsal side is always clearly convex, while the ventral side is only slightly curved or even completely flat (s. fig. 1 a). In addition, the body tapers weakly to the posterior end. I also consider the length of the gullet as a reliable characteristic. In Cryptomonas erosa the gullet reaches at most to the middle of the body (s. fig. 2 a).
Fig. 1 a-c: Cryptomonas erosa. L = 35 µm. Three focal planes of a slightly squashed specimen. Note the convex dorsal side and the almost flat ventral side (a). Chr 1, Chr 2 = the two chromatophores, CV = contractile vacuole, F = flagella, SG = polygonal shaped sarch grains. Obj. 100 X.
Fig. 2 a-b: Cryptomonas erosa. L = 35 µm. Two focal planes of a slightly squashed second specimen. Note the ejectisomes (EJ) covering the gullet (GU). The gullet is reaching to mid-body. Chr 1, Chr 2 = chromatophores, MB = Maupas bodies. Obj. 100 X.
Fig. 3 a-b: Cryptomonas erosa. L = 50 µm. A freely swimming third specimen. Obj. 100 X.
Fig. 4 a-b: Cryptomonas erosa. L = 45 µm. A freely swimming fourth specimen. Obj. 100 X.