Nephrocytium limneticum (G. M. Smith, 1933)
Most likely ID: n.a.
Synonym: Gloeocystopsis limnetica
Sampling location: Hagstaffel pond
Phylogenetic tree: Nephrocytium limneticum
- coenobia of 4–8–16 cells in mucilage envelope
- daughter colonies 20–50 µm in diameter
- daughter cells remain united within gelatinized cell wall of mother cell
- cells 10–15 µm long, kidney-shaped, slightly curved with rounded apices
- one pyrenoid
- one parietal chloroplast
- planctonic life style
I find Nephrocytium limneticum very rarely in plankton samples, always with several years between them. Nephrocytium can be confused with Kirchneriella, whose cells are also kidney-shaped or crescent-shaped. However, the colonies of Nephrocytium are covered by a distinct and thick layer of mucus, which is absent in Kirchneriella. In addition, the daughter colonies of Nephrocytium remain united for a long time in the swollen and gelatinized cell wall of the mother cell (s. fig. 2 a).
Fig. 1: Nephrocytium limneticum. L = 156 (of coenobium). A coenobium of 8 colonies with each 16 cells within the gelatinized cell wall of the mother cell. Obj. 40 X.
Fig. 1: Nephrocytium limneticum. L = 10–12 µm (of the cells). A slightly squashed (a) and a strongly squashed (b) coenobium of 4 colonies with each 4 cells within the remains of the mother cell (RMC). Each colonie is in the thick mucilage envelope (ME). Nu = nucleus, PY = pyrenoid. Obj. 100 X.